Perhaps a clause could be added: "and any pardon issued without prior satisfaction of this notice requirement shall be void and of no effect."
Or you might provide more expressly for judicial review: "the attorney general, or the district attorney of the county wherein the offense to be pardoned was committed, shall be empowered to bring a cause of action for any void pardon to be declared as such in such-and-such court."
Really, though, for reasons noted elsewhere, the notice requirement is a bit of a jumble. TBA thinks it makes more sense to put the burden of the publication on the Governor, and to require a short and plain statement of the person who's proposed to be be pardoned, the offense in question, and an address for people to submit comments.
That, in tandem with the changes suggested above, might put some teeth in the notice requirement, and make it impossible for an outgoing Governor to issue surprise pardons.
... So here is a first draft:
In all criminal and penal cases, excepting those of treason and impeachment, the governor shall have power to grant reprieves and pardons, to remit fines, and in cases of forfeiture, to stay the collection until the end of the next session of the legislature, and by and with the consent of the senate to remit forfeitures. In cases of treason he shall have power to grant reprieves, and by and with consent of the senate, but may respite the sentence until the end of the next session of the legislature(1) Giving both the AG and the DA power to file suit helps avoid situations where the AG is a crony of the Governor; in any event, local interests dictate letting the DA have this authority.
; but. noAny pardon shall begranted before conviction shall be void and of no effect ;. and iIn cases of felony, after conviction no pardon shall be granted until thirty days after the applicant thereforGovernor shall have published for thirty days, in some newspaper in the county where the crime was committed, and in case there be no newspaper published in said county, then in an adjoining county, notice of his petition forintention to pardon, setting forth therein the name of the person to be pardoned, the nature and date of the person's conviction, and an address to which members of the public may send their comments; and any pardon granted without such prior notice having been so published shall be void and of no effect. Where a pardon is granted which under this section is void and of no effect, the attorney general, or the district attorney of the county in which the felon was convicted, shall have authority to file suit to have said pardon declared void and of no effect, in the court wherein the conviction was rendered, and naming the Governor who issued the pardon and the person pardoned as defendants. The court shall rule on said suit within 30 days, and appeal from its judgment may be had in accordance with law; but the appellate court shall give expedited treatment to said appeal.
(2) I've tried to iron out the 30-day bit to make clear that publication once, 30 days prior, suffices.
(3) Local interests again dictate that suit be brought in the relevant county. This avoids judge-shopping, and there is no good reason why Hinds County judges should have any special authority here.
(4) Since a void pardon may result in someone's going back to jail, it makes sense that the court should have to rule quickly, and that any appeal should be expedited.